the three spheres [of self-contradiction]; three spheres [i.e., agent, action, and object]; "The three spheres!"




[320] 1) mtshon cha mda' gri mdung gsum/ ... sked par 'khor gsum btags nas g.yul sar chas/ ... 2) 'khor lo gsum/ ... 'khor gsum rkang 'khor/ ... 3) byed pa po dang/ bya ba'i las/ bya ba'i yul te gsum/ ... sbyin pa gtong skabs kyi 'khor gsum ni sbyin pa po dang/ sbyin rdzas/ sbyin yul te gsum/ ... 4) mtshan nyid rtsod skabs kyi 'khor gsum ste rtags bsal khyab gsum/ ... 5) lus ngag yid kyi las gsum/ ...


Comment: A logical term used when the opponent has been boxed in. The three are to have asserted either explicitly or implicitly (1) the entailment/pervasion (khyab pa khas blangs pa red), (2) the reason (rtags khas blangs pa red), and (3) the opposite of the predicate of the consequence (gsal ba'i zlogs phyogs khas blangs pa red). Spoken or shouted in debate by the challenger to indicate that the opponent cannot deny the reason or the pervasion, yet cannot accept the "thesis" of the consequence.


1. 'khor gsum khas ; 2. 'khor gsum mi dmigs pa


1. [You] have asserted three spheres [of self-contradiction]; 2. non-apprehension of the three spheres [of agent, action, and object as when giving a gift or meditating]


1. rdor gong. 2. ang dar. 3. mda' gzhu. Kretsch. armour, weapons and helmet (lit.: three wheels). Sources. bya byed las gsum. Stein. 1. mda'. 2. mdung (lance). 3. gri. Wylie 151, n. 340. BA 252. man, horse, and cow. As a debate term: An exclamation uttered when an opponent in debate says something against scripture and reasoning. Dungkar in TJ 8 no. 4 (Winter 1993) 7. It is nicely explained in Sobisch, Dissert. where it means not being able to give three kinds of answers (i.e., statements ending in [1] rtags ma grub, reasoning insufficient; [2] 'dod, begging the question; [3] khyab pa ma byung, not giving full coverage). See also Dreyfus, Sound 217. When used to describe biographies: 1. klogs pa thos bsam gyi 'khor lo. 2. spong ba bsam gtan gyi 'khor lo. 3. bya ba las kyi 'khor lo. See Smith, Catalogue 212. In vinaya terminology, this refers to the 2 knees and the middle of the back, all of which should be covered by the robe when seated crosslegged (Dalai Lama XIV, Advice from Buddha Shakyamuni, p. 67, n. 29).


the giver, the given, the giving, three weapons (bow, arrow and sword), 3 objects (man, horse, cow)


groups of 3/3-fold: 1) the three weapons: arrow, sword, and spear, or bow, knife and spear...Sked par 'khor gsum btags nas gyul sar chas,...2) three wheels of dharma, the self- turned trinity...3) actor, action, and object of action Byed pa po dang, bya ba'i las, bya ba'i yul in the case of giving a gift ..4) in the case of philosophical debate sign/reason rtags, subject bsal, and pervasion khyab. 5) the three wheels of action of body speech and mind three main objects of activity {don} = practical activity having material aims ii) {'dod pa} = man's sensual and esecially sexual delights iii) {chos} = religion, religious duties), man, cattle, wealth.]. groups of 3/ 3-fold


three focal points; subject, object, and their interrelationship


three spheres [thd]. 1) threefold. 2) the three spheres [of a an act]. [subject, agent, action, object of the action]. Syn {bya byed las gsum} 3) the three Wheels [of the Dharma]. 4) three weapons [bow & arrow, knife and spear, or bow, arrow, & sword]. 5) [in logic] the three factors. {rtags bsal khyab gsum} 6) the three wheels [of action of body, speech and mind]. 7) three main objects of a man's activity. 1] {don} man's practical activity having material aims. ii] {'dod pa} man's sensual and especially sexual delights. iii] {chos} religion, religious duties. 8) man, cattle, wealth. three focal points; three spheres; threefold sphere. three spheres. The three 'spheres' or concepts of subject, object and action